Evolution from the Network-Centric Warfare Сoncept to the Data-Centric Operation Theory
Keywords:data-centric operation, network-centric warfare, 4D architecture, system of systems
The article analyzes the impact of disruptive technologies on the evolutionary development of military architectural frameworks and concepts of warfare. It argues the need for a transition from the Network-Centric Warfare concept to the Data-Centric Operation theory and proposes a 4D-extensional representation of the combat space of weapon systems integrated into a single network. It is concluded that there is hardware redundancy in modern weapon systems and it is possible to use it as a network resource, the management of which provides additional opportunities for improving operational capabilities.
CLAUSEWITZ, C. On War. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1989. ISBN 978-0-691-01854-5.
CHRISTENSEN, C.M. The Innovator’s Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press, 2016. ISBN 978-1-63369-178-0.
ALBERTS, D.S., J.J. GARSTKA and F.P. STEIN. Network Centric Warfare: Devel-oping and Leveraging Information Superiority. 2nd ed. Washington: CCRP Publi-cation Series, 1999. ISBN 978-1-57906-019-0.
ALBERTS, D. and R.E. HAYES. Power to the Edge: Command and Control in the Information Age. Washington: CCRP Publication Series, 2005. ISBN 978-1-893723-13-9.
Network Centric Warfare [online]. July 2001 [viewed 2020-05-03]. Available from: http://www.dodccrp.org/files/ncw_report/report/ncw_cover.html
OWENS, W.A. The Emerging U.S. System-of-Systems [online]. February 1996 [viewed 2020-05-03]. Available from: https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a394313.pdf
C4ISR Architecture Framework Version 2.0 [online]. December 1997 [viewed 2020-05-12]. Available from: https://www.afcea.org/education/courses/archfwk2.pdf
REID, D.J., G. GOODMAN, W. JOHNSON and R.E. GIFFIN. All That Glisters: Is Network-Centric Warfare Really Scientific? Defense & Security Analysis, 2005, 21(4), pp. 335-367. DOI 10.1080/1475179052000345403.
SKORYK, A., I.G. KIRILLOV and K.A. TURSUNHODZHAEV. About Methodolo-gy of an Estimation of Influence of Complexity of Structure of Military-Technical Systems on Fighting Potential of Military Formations (in Ukrainian). Systems of Arms and Military Equipment, 2010, 4(24), pp. 237-241. ISSN 1997-9568.
C4ISR Architecture Framework Version 1.0 [online]. June 1996 [viewed 2020-05-12]. Available from: https://fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/c4isr/index.html
LEVIS, A.H. and L.W. WAGENHALS. C4ISR Architectures: I. Developing a Pro-cess for C4ISR Architecture Design. Systems Engineering, 2000, 3(4), pp. 225-247. DOI 10.1002/1520-6858(2000)3:4<225.
Network Centric Operations: Background and Oversight Issues for Congress [online]. March 2007 [viewed 2020-05-12]. Available from: https://www.everycrs report.com/reports/RL32411.html
WOOD, W.G. and S.G. COHEN. DoD Experience with the C4ISR Architecture Framework [Technical Note] [online]. September 2003 [viewed 2020-05-12]. DOI 10.1184/R1/6573293.v1. Available from: https://resources.sei.cmu.edu/library/asset-view.cfm?assetid=6527
DoD Net-Centric Data Strategy [online]. May 2003 [viewed 2020-05-12]. Availa-ble from: https://dodcio.defense.gov/Portals/0/Documents/Net-Centric-Data-Strategy-2003-05-092.pdf
RIOFRIO, H.J. U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Net-Centric Data Strategy [online]. October 2004 [viewed 2020-05-07]. Available from: http://sesam.smart-lab.se/seminarier/hostsem04/HJR.pdf
SKORYK, A., О. FLOROV, Y. MORHUN, D. MOLCHANOV, O. HRECHKA and S. SHEPELEVYCH. Analysis of the Features of Construction and Using of Perspec-tive Control Systems of the High-Precision Weapons (in Ukrainian). Positioning systems, Science and Technology of the Air Force of Ukraine, 2018, 4(33), pp. 43-51. DOI 10.30748/nitps.2018.33.06.
DoD Net-Centric Services Strategy [online]. March 2007 [viewed 2020-05-12]. Available from: https://dodcio.defense.gov/Portals/0/documents/DoD_NetCentricServicesStrategy.pdf
GIACHETTI, R.E. Evaluation of the DoDAF Meta-model’s Support of Systems Engineering. Procedia Computer Science, 2015, 61, pp. 254-260. DOI 10.1016/j.procs.2015.09.208.
LEVENCHUK, A. Systems Engineering Thinking (in Russian) [online]. April 2015 [viewed 2020-05-20]. Available from: https://techinvestlab.ru/files/systems_engineering_thinking/systems_engineering_thinking_2015.pdf
DoD Policy Recommendations for the Internet of Things [online]. December 2016 [viewed 2020-05-20]. Available from: https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=799676
TONIN, M. The Internet of Things: Promises and Perils of a Disruptive Technolo-gy [online]. October 2017 [viewed 2020-05-20]. Available from: https://www.nato-pa.int/download-file?filename=sites/default/files/2017-11/2017+-+175+STCTTS+17+E+bis+-+INTERNET+OF+THINGS.pdf
RUSSELL, S. and T. ABDELZAHER. The Internet of Battlefield Things: The Next Generation of Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence (C3I) Deci-sion-Making. In: Proceedings of the MILCOM 2018 – 2018 IEEE Military Com-munications Conference (MILCOM). Los Angeles: IEEE, 2018, pp. 737-742. DOI 10.1109/MILCOM.2018.8599853.
DoD Cloud Strategy [online]. December 2018 [viewed 2020-05-20]. Available from: https://media.defense.gov/2019/Feb/04/2002085866/-1/-1/1/DOD-CLOUD-STRATEGY.PDF
 TARRAF, D.C., et al. The Department of Defense Posture for Artificial Intelli-gence. Assessment and Recommendations [online]. Santa Monica: RAND Corpora-tion, 2019 [viewed 2020-05-20]. ISBN 978-1-9774-0405-3. Available from: https://www.rand.org/ pubs/research_reports/RR4229.html
Cyberspace Operations [online]. June 2018 [viewed 2020-05-12]. Available from: https://www.jcs.mil/Portals/36/Documents/Doctrine/pubs/jp3_12.pdf
HUE, M. An Analysis of SE and MBSE Concepts to Support Defence Capability Acquisition [online]. Edinburgh: Defence Systems Integration Technical Advisory, 2014 [viewed 2020-05-12]. Available from: https://apps.dtic.mil/sti/pdfs/ADA624596.pdf
GHARAJEDAGHI, J. Systems Thinking: Managing Chaos and Complexity: A Platform for Designing Business Architecture. 3rd ed. San Francisco: Morgan Kaufmann, 2011. ISBN 978-0-12-385915-8.
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
Users can use, reuse and build upon the material published in the journal for any purpose, even commercially.