Body Anthropometric Study of Malaysian Security Personnel


  • N.W.N. Fatimah Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National Defence University of Malaysia, Malaysia
  • A.J. Khalid Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National Defence University of Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Risby Mohd Sohaimi Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National Defence University of Malaysia, Malaysia



military, ergonomics, Asian, clothing, equipment


The case study presents a collection of anthropometric data obtained from security agency personnel who worked at the National Defence University of Malaysia in 2011. The study involved 450 male respondents ranging from 21 to 57 years old. Anthropometric dimensions of chest, shoulder, waist, hip, and neck circumferences were measured,  and one‐way ANOVA was performed to determine significant difference for selected parameters by age group. Statistical results showed a significant correlation between body measurements (chest, waist, hip, and neck circumferences) and age group.

Author Biography

  • Risby Mohd Sohaimi, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, National Defence University of Malaysia, Malaysia

    Risby Mohd Sohaimi obtained his B.Eng (Hons) (Civil Engineering) in 1999 from Universiti Sains Malaysia and began his career as a structural engineer (Oil & Gas Division) at Jurutera AZM Sdn Bhd also in 1999. After receiving his M.Sc (Numerical Modeling) in 2004 from Universiti Putra Malaysia, he worked as a Research Fellow at the university to study on natural fiber reinforced composite materials and its responses subjected to high velocity impacts. He then continued his doctoral studies (Mechanical Engineering) which focused in the development of a composite based body armor material. In 2006, he joined the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI) as a Research Officer and was assigned to the Mechanisation and Automation Research Center, Serdang. There, with several researchers, he developed various types new composite materials using agricultural by-products. He later joined Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (National Defence University Malaysia) as an academician at the Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering in 2007, to pursue his interest in defence related research (in the field of advanced materials development, high velocity impacts experimentation, blast resistance material and structures, armor design and finite element simulation subjected to ballistic and blast loadings).


LEHTO, M.R. and LANDRY, S.J. Human System: Chapter Two, Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics for Engineers. 2nd edition, CRC Press, 2013.

PELEG, K., RIVKIND, A and DANIEL, L. Does Body Armour Protect from Firearm Injuries? American College of Surgeons, 2006, vol. 202, no. 4, p. 643-648.

KAGAWA, M., BINNS, C.W. and HILLS, A.P. Body Composition and Anthropometry in Japanese and Australian Caucasian Males and Japanese Females. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2007, vol. 16 no. 1, p. 31-36.

YASUTO, N. and VINCENT, N. Anthropometric Comparison between Japanese and Caucasian American Male University Students. Applied Human Science: Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 1998, vol. 18, no. 1, p. 9-11.

DEROS, B.M., MOHAMAD, D., ISMAIL, A.R. and NAZREE, M.N.M. Application of Malaysian Anthropometric Data in Home Furniture Design. National Symposium on Advancements in Ergonomics and Safety (ERGOSYM2009). Perlis, Malaysia, 2009, p. 68-71.

MOKDAD, M. and AL-ANSARI, M. Anthropometrics for the Design of Bahraini School Furniture. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2009, vol. 39, no. 5, p. 1-8.

HU, H., LIA, Z., YANA, J., WANGA, X., XIAOB, H., DUANA, J. and ZHENGA, L. Anthropometric Measurement of the Chinese Elderly Living in the Beijing Area. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2007, vol. 37, p. 303-311.

PHEASANT, S. Bodyspace: Anthropometry. Ergonomics and Design. Taylor and Francis, 1986, vol. 31.

ROEBUCK, J.A., KROEMER, K.H.E. and THOMPSON, W.G. Engineering Anthropometric Methods. 2nd edition, New York: Wiley, 1975.

VAIDYA, R., BHALWAR, R. and BOBDEY, S. Anthropometric Parameters of Armed Forces Personnel. Med J Armed Forces India. 2009, vol. 65, no. 4, p. 313-318.

KARMEGAM, K. et al. Anthropometric Study Among Adults of Different Ethnicity in Malaysia. International Journal of the Physical Sciences. 2011, vol. 6, no. 4, p. 777-788.

HAIR, J.F.,Jr., BLACK, W.C., BABIN, B.J., ANDERSON, R.E. and TATHAM, R.L. Multivariate data analysis. 6th edition, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2006.

YAACOB, M.R. SPSS for Business and Social Science Students: Version 14 for Windows. Kota Bharu: Pustaka Aman Press, 2008.

CURRAN, P.J., WEST, S.G. and FINCH, G.F. The Robustness of Test Statistics to Non‐normality and Specification Error in Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Psychological Methods, 1996, vol. 1, p. 16-29.

CHUAN, T.K., Hartono, M. and Kumar, N. Anthropometry of the Singaporean and Indonesian Populations, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Vol. 40, no. 6, 2010, p. 757-766.

MANANDHAR, M.C., ANKLESARIAZ, P.S. and ISMAIL, S.J. Weight, Skinfolds and Circumference Characteristics of Poor Elderly People in Mumbai, India. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1997, vol. 6, no. 3, p. 191-199.






Technical Information


How to Cite

Body Anthropometric Study of Malaysian Security Personnel. (2017). Advances in Military Technology, 12(2), 177-184.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 144

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.