Selected Elements Influencing Pilot Situational Awareness


  • Jarosław Robert Kozuba Faculty of National Safety and Logistic, Polish Air Force Academy, Dęblin, Poland
  • Jan Pila Faculty of Aviation, Technical University, Kosice, Slovakia


Decision-making process, SA, human factor, aviation safety


The article discusses the influence of pilot knowledge, skills, experience, technical factor and environmental factor on the pilot ability to build a proper Situational Awareness (SA) state during an aviation operational activity. Moreover it was defined the decision making process and SA process, their dependence from the perspective of some aspects of abilities presented by pilot as well. Author’s conclusions are based mainly on his own research supported by results of research available in the specialist literature.


Author Biography

  • Jarosław Robert Kozuba, Faculty of National Safety and Logistic, Polish Air Force Academy, Dęblin, Poland

    National Safety and Logistic Department -  Col (R), Associated Professor


Harrison, F. E. The managerial decision making process. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1998. p. 7.

Endsley, M. R. A taxonomy of situational awareness errors.In Fuller, R. Johnston, N. and Mc Donalds, N. (Eds.), Human factors in aviation operations. London: Ashgate, 1995.p. 287-292.

Smith, K. and Hancock, P.A.Situational awarenessis adaptive, externally directed consciousness. In Gilson, R.D. and Koonce, J.M. (Eds.), Situational awareness in complex system. Daytona Beach: Embry-Riddle AeronauticalUniversity Press, 1994, p. 59-68.

Klein, G. A. Studying situation awareness in the context of decision-making incidents. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Experimental Analysis and Measurement of Situation Awareness. Daytona Beach: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Press, 1995. p. 177-182.

Smith, K. and Hancock, P.A. Situation awareness is adaptive, externally-directed consciousness.Human Factors, 1995, vol. 37, no 1, p. 137-148.

Gałecki, P. Indeterminacy of information andrisk of decision-making (in Polish).In Sirko, S. (Ed.), The functioning of theair forcecommander-conditions andrequirements (in Polish).Warszawa:AON, 2004. p. 134-135.

CAP 737, Crew Resource Management (CRM) Training. London: CAA, 2006. 231 p.

Kozuba, J. Selected aspects of forming pilot Situational Awareness. Dęblin: PAFA, 2013. p. 49.

Zieliński, J. Memory military aviators 1945-2003 (in Polish).Warszawa: Bellona, 2003.p. 22-423.

Burian, B. K., Barski, I. and Dismukes K. The challenge of Aviation Emergency and Abnormal Situations. California: NASA, 2005.13 p.






Research Paper


How to Cite

Selected Elements Influencing Pilot Situational Awareness. (2016). Advances in Military Technology, 10(2), 45-55.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 160

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)